Artichoke is a perennial plant with tuberous roots. Originally from the western Mediterranean, Egypt or North Africa. It was later introduced and cultivated in numerous temperate countries around the world for its culinary use.
The artichoke reaches 1.4 to 2 meters in height. It sprouts again from the vine every year, after winter, if the cold does not freeze it. The budding artichoke flower-head is a cluster of many budding small flowers , together with many bracts, on an edible base. The leaves are light green on the upper side and on the underside they are covered by whitish fibrils that give them a pale appearance. Both the corner of the leaf and the main vein have very protruding longitudinal ribs.